Contest: Task: Related: TaskA TaskC

Score : $200$ points

Some number of chocolate pieces were prepared for a training camp. The camp had $N$ participants and lasted for $D$ days. The $i$-th participant ($1 \leq i \leq N$) ate one chocolate piece on each of the following days in the camp: the $1$-st day, the $(A_i + 1)$-th day, the $(2A_i + 1)$-th day, and so on. As a result, there were $X$ chocolate pieces remaining at the end of the camp. During the camp, nobody except the participants ate chocolate pieces.

Find the number of chocolate pieces prepared at the beginning of the camp.

- $1 \leq N \leq 100$
- $1 \leq D \leq 100$
- $1 \leq X \leq 100$
- $1 \leq A_i \leq 100$ ($1 \leq i \leq N$)
- All input values are integers.

Input is given from Standard Input in the following format:

$N$ $D$ $X$ $A_1$ $A_2$ $:$ $A_N$

Find the number of chocolate pieces prepared at the beginning of the camp.

3 7 1 2 5 10

8

The camp has $3$ participants and lasts for $7$ days. Each participant eats chocolate pieces as follows:

- The first participant eats one chocolate piece on Day $1$, $3$, $5$ and $7$, for a total of four.
- The second participant eats one chocolate piece on Day $1$ and $6$, for a total of two.
- The third participant eats one chocolate piece only on Day $1$, for a total of one.

Since the number of pieces remaining at the end of the camp is one, the number of pieces prepared at the beginning of the camp is $1 + 4 + 2 + 1 = 8$.

2 8 20 1 10

29

5 30 44 26 18 81 18 6

56